SYNOPSIS OF DEPARTMENTAL COURSES
CSP 201: GENERAL AGRICULTURE THEORY (1
Importance and scope of agriculture. Land and its uses
with particular reference to agriculture. Introductory
Crop Production Agricultural ecology of Nigeria.
Agronomy of some arable crops. Land preparations.
Farm tools and machinery. Basic Farm Management
Techniques. Fisheries and Wildlife Production. Forest
Products. General Introduction to Livestock Production
CSP 202: BASIC SOIL SCIENCE ( 2 UNITS)
Soil formation rocks and minerals, physical composition
of soils, soil texture, soil structure. Soil water section,
soil moisture retention curve, concept of available
water, movement of water in soil, measurements of dynamic
soil physical properties. Importance and characteristics
of aluminosilicate clays and organic colloids,
cation and anion exchange, sources of charge in soil colloids,
cation exchange capacity, soil pH, exchange and
reserve acidity:, principles of liming, soil organisms.
CSP 203: CLIMATOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY (3
The principles, aims and scope of climatology and biogeography.
The elements and controls of climate and
weather and the dynamics of the earth’s atmosphere.
Radiation and heating of the atmospheric systems, atmospheric
moisture. The dynamics of pressure and wind
systems. Condensation and precipitation processes.
Seasonal variations in temperature, day length, radiation
rainfall and evapotranspiration. Equipment and
maintenance of standard meteorological stations. The
tropical climate, relation between agriculture and climate
with reference to crops, livestock, irrigation, pests
CSP 204: BOTANY OF ECONOMIC CROPS (2 UNITS)
Plant structure and function including the cell, tissue
and organs, the stem, roots, leaves, flowers, fruits and
seeds; photosynthesis and respiration, and translocation
of materials. Plant growth and development. Plant
classification. Agriculturally important plant families.
CSP 210: GENERAL AGRICULTURE PRACTICAL ( 2
This will involve field planting. Each student will be
allocated a field plot for the planting and management
of an arable crop. They will be exposed to practical work
in animal production and health and fisheries.
CSP 301: AGRONOMY OF TUBER AND FIBRE
CROPS ( 3 UNITS)
Origin, distribution, taxonomy, botany, ecology and
methods or cultivation, harvesting, processing, storage,
marketing and use of major tuber and fibre crops of Nigeria
– yams, cocoyams, cassava, potatoes, ginger, cotton,
sisal, hibiscus, jute etc.
CSP 304; AGRONOMY OF CEREAL AND LEGUME
CROPS ( 3 UNITS)
Origin, distribution taxonomy, botany, ecology and
methods of cultivation of major cereal and legume crops
of Nigeria (West Africa) – maize, rice, guinea corn,
wheat, millet, cowpeas, groundnuts, the various beans,
Cajanus cajan, Bambara groundnuts, soyabeans, and the
legume covers, Detailed study of the methods of harvesting,
processing, storage and the use of the products
of each crops.
CSP 305: WEED BIOLOGY (2 UNITS)
The weed concept: importance of weeds, classification
of weeds, survival and persistence characteristics: reproduction
and seed features; weed succession; organic,
chemical and integrated agriculture; weed-crop association;
competition, allelopathy; importance of weed biology;
biology and identification of major tropical
weeds; preparation of weed album; weed reproduction
and growth studies.
CSP 306: FUNDAMENTALS OF HORTICULTURE ( 2
Principles, practices and techniques in tropical horticulture
Tools, equipment and materials. Landscaping.
Origin, Distribution, taxonomy, botany principles of
cultivation, harvesting, processing storage, marketing
and use of major fruits and leafy vegetables and ornamental
plants of Nigeria.
CSP 307: INSECT MORPHOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY
( 2 UNITS)
The arthropod plan, the external structure of insects: the
integument, tagmosis – the head, thorax and abdomen,
the internal structure of insects: consideration of the
various body system, insect growth development, insect
dispause and other mechanisms of survival.
CSP 308: ENTOMOLOGY INSECT TAXONOMY
AND ECOLOGY ( 2 UNITS)
Insects classification – importance of classification; various
insect orders - their principal features for identification
and agricultural or medical significance. Insect
population dynamics including factors regulating insect
abundance. Insect behaviour. Insect communication.
CSP 309: LAND/SOIL MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)
Need for soil conservation practices. Effects of deforestation,
soil problems affecting crop production, methods
of land clearing, effect of bush clearing. Tillage
implements, soil tillage and tillage techniques; effects
of tillage methods on soil and crop. Soil structure formation
and improvement, structure deformation and
measures to prevent it. Maintenance and improvement
of soil fertility-natural and artificial processes. Irrigation
methods, drainage methods, erosion control . Application
of Global positioning system (GPS) in Topographical
mapping. Field trip.
CSP 310: WEED MANAGEMENT (2 UNITS)
Principles of weed management; general methods of
weed control including mechanical, cultural, biological,
legislative and chemical. Classification and chemistry
of herbicides, their residual effects on crop plants, soil
flora and fauna. Methods of herbicide use safety precautions.
CSP 311: INRODUCTORY PLANT PHYSIOLOGY ( 2
Principal life processes of higher plants e.g. water relation
mineral absorption, translocation and utilization,
photosynthesis and respiration. Agricultural and ecological
significance of life processes. Pre-requisite to CSP
CSP 313: CROP MYCOLOGY AND BACTERIOLOGY
Disease concept in plants. Importance of plant diseases
in history Symptoms and signs and other basic terminologies.
Features, isolation and identification of the
fungi and bacteria causing disease in plants. Pathogenesis,
procedures for plant disease diagnosis specifically
those incited by fungi and bacteria.
CSP 314: CROP NEMATOLOGY & VIROLOGY (2
Importance of nematodes and virus as disease causing
agents in plants. Features, isolation and identification
of plant nematodes and viruses. Pathogenesis, procedures
for plant disease diagnosis specifically those incited
by nematodes and viruses.
CSP 315: VERTEBRATE PEST OF CROPS AND CONTROL
( 1 UNIT)
Different animal: pests of crops apart from microorganisms
and arthropods. Molluscs and their damage and
control. Birds and their damage and control. Rodents
and their damage and control. Mammals and their damage
CSP 316: CROP ECOLOGY ( 2 UNITS)
Basic factors in ecological classification. Major ecological
zones in West Africa and their agricultural activities,
including ecological crop distribution. Ecological
factors of Crop Production. Plant interference. Population
growth and regulation; evolutionary strategies in
plants. Community composition and structure, dominance
and diversity. Ecosystem functioning.
CSP 401: CROP PRESERVATION, PROCESSING
AND STORGAE (3 UNITS)
Meaning and importance of crop preservation, processing
and storage. Factors causing crop deterioration in
storage. Types of storage losses in crops. Traditional
methods of storing crops. Modern improved methods
of storing crops. Storage pathology and entomology.
CSP 403: PLANT DISEASE CONTROL (2 UNITS)
Principles of plant disease control: general methods of
plant disease control including mechanical, cultural,
biological use of host plant resistance, legislative and
chemical. Classification, chemistry and modes of action
of fungicides. Formulation of fungicides and methods
of use and safety precautions.
CSP 407: SOIL FERTILITY AND PLANT NUTRITION
( 3 UNITS)
Organic matter decomposition, the nitrogen cycle to include
biochemistry and microbiology of nitrifications,
phosphorus cycle, microbial transformations of sulphur,
iron and other minerals, transmission of hydrocarbons
and pesticides. The soil as a plant nutrient medium,
soil reaction, chemistry and utilization of water logged
soils, redox potential. Crop growth and response to soil
nutrients, major, secondary and trace elements in crop
nutrition. Fertilizers and fertilizer management-sources,
application methods rates and timing. Methods of
Chemical analysis of soils.
CSP 409: PLANT GENETICS ( 3 UNITS)
Eukaryotic cells, structure and components. Mitosis and
meiosis chromosome structure and variations in structure
and number. Biochemical nature of genetic material.
Genefunction and mutation. Basic concepts of
Mendelian and polygenic inheritance Genetic interaction.
Linkage and crossing over. Qualitative inheritance.
Chimeras Polyploidy. Genetic basis of breeding.
Pre-requisite to CSP 502.
CSP 402:STUDENTS INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE
SCHEME (10 UNITS)
Students to be posted to different farms or agro-allied
industries for on the job experience. Students’ performances
are to be monitored and graded by a site supervisor
(CSP 402) and School supervisor (CSP 404) following
established guidelines. Students are to present seminars
and comprehensive reports about work undertaken
during the period which will be graded (CSP 406).
CSP 500: STUDENT SEMINAR (2 UNITS)
Instructions on the preparation, presentation and discussion
of critical reviews of topics important to agriculture.
This is to be followed by students presentation
of reviews prepared by them.
CSP 501: SOIL WATER MANAGEMENT ( 3 UNITS)
World water resources, nature of soil water-potential
capillary rise and infiltration, movement in saturated
and unsaturated soil. Forms of irrigation, assessment
of water requirements for crops and critical stages for
water, time of irrigation and agronomic management
of irrigated crops. Maintenance of irrigation equipment.
Soil erosivity and erosion control. Soil drainage. Evaporation
and control. Soil water-plant-atmosphere relationships.
CSP 502: PLANT IMPROVEMENT (3 UNITS)
Centres of origin of major tropical crops; land races; introduction
of plant breeding materials. Genepools
(gemplasm pools): Sexual and asexual reproduction;
inbreeding; cross-breeding; hybridization; back-crossing;
Polyploidsation and aneuploid techniques induction of
variability in plants: selection methods including progeny
testing. Synthetic varieties.
CSP 503: AGRONOMY OF TREE CROPS ( 3 UNITS)
Origin, distribution, botany, taxonomy, ecology and
methods of cultivation of the major tropical tree and fruit
crops – cocoa cola, coffee, latex producing plants,
cashew, oil palm, coconut, mango, tea, citrus, pawpaw,
pineapples. Their cultivation, processing, preservation,
marketing and uses.
CSP 504: SEED PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY ( 2
A review of seed structure, formation and development.
Seed availability, vigour, dormancy and deterioration.
Technology for seed production, processing, drying
treatment, packaging and storage. Evaluation and seed
quality, seed certification. Seed marketing. Seed legislation
and law enforcement, seed programme in Nigeria,
Components of an effective seed industry.
CSP 505: CROP PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY ( 3
Crop pests and diseases: their principles and methods
of control; selectivity and selective use of pesticides;
pesticides toxicology; pesticides and application technologies
– their efficacies; cost/benefit relationships in
respect of small and large scale farms; impact of pesticides
on components of the agro-ecosystem other than
the target species. Integrated pest management.
CSP 506: FARMING SYSTEM (3 UNITS)
Tropical farming systems – mixed farming, shifting cultivation
and fallowing, alley cropping, crop rotation,
relay cropping, multiple cropping and intercropping.
Livestock production in tropical farming systems. Potentials
for integrated livestock and crop farming in Nigeria.
Alley cropping of fodder for livestock feeding.
Ruminant animal production in permanent crop farming.
Homestead gardening using crops comparable with
CSP 507: PROJECT (6 UNITS)
Supervised study on an identified problem requiring
both oral and written presentation. Students must attend
tutorials on research techniques and scientific writing
as well as oral presentation relating to students
projects in the School.
CSP 508: FERTILIZER USE TECHNOLOGY (3 UNITS)
Need for fertilizer, soil and fertilizer nitrogen, soil and
fertilizer phosphorus, soil and fertilizer potassium, magnesium
calcium and sodium. Sulphur and micro elements
in soil and fertilizer. Fundamentals of the manufacture
of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers.
The manufacture and properties of mixed fertilizers.
Liming. Fundamentals of fertilizer application Global
positioning system (GPS) Application in soil fertility
CSP 509: SOIL SURVEY AND CLASSIFICATION ( 3
Factors of soil formation. Soil survey methods, definition
of mapping units, clasiffication systems, soil description,
classification of Nigeria soils. Soil survey interpretations
for potential uses of soils, land capability classification.
Introduction to Geographic Information System
(GIS) Field and Laboratory exercises.
CSP 511: BIOTECHNOLOGY IN CROP/PEST MANAGEMENT
( 3 UNITS)
Introduction to Agricultural Biotechnology,
Micropropagation. Production of pest resistant varieties.
Improvement of crop yields; nitrogen fixation, nutritional
quality and chemical composition. Mutation
Biofertilizers, Molecular markers.
CSP 514: CROP/PEST MANAGEMENT AND THE
ENVIRONMENT (2 UNITS)
Crop production and protection activities that are beneficial
to the environment. Crop production and protection
activities that adversely affect the environment.
Environmental quality indicators. Environment impact
CSP 515: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (3 UNITS)
Crop growth and development. Environmental influences
on crop growth, development and yield. Seed
dormancy and germination. Crop growth indices and
forms of crop growth analysis. Distribution and accumulation
of dry matter.