Compositional determination of some waste lignocellulosic plant materials were examined for their industrial potential. The results revealed that holocellulose contents ranged from 67.40 % for Ananas comosus to 73. 40 % for Musa sapientum, alpha-cellulose varied from 50.00 % for Ananas comosus 55. 83 % Musa sapientum, Musa sapientum had the highest hemicellulose content of 18. 07 % while Pennisetum purpureum had the lowest value of 16. 60 %. The total lignin content ranged from 22.98 % to 28.15 %, pentosan content showed that Musa species highest values (Musa sapientum 43. 73 % and Musa paradisiaca 41.93 %),while Chromolaena odorata had the lowest value of 21.07 %. The silica content ranged from 2. 43 % to 2.83 %, ash varied from 5.87 % to 9.1 %, cold water solubility was from 17.00 % to 30.33 %, hot-water solubility was from 18.67 % to 36.33 % and the moisture content was from 6.95 % to 9.90 %. In the face of dwindling and unstable supply of petroleum, the cellulose and hemicellulose could be utilized for biofuel production, while the lignin is vital for various industrial applications.
FUTA JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE
VOLUME 12 NUMBER 1 2016
- Title :EVALUATION OF COMPOSITIONAL PROPERTIES OF SOME PLANT WASTES FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
- Author(s) : O. O. Oluwasina, L. Lajide