FUTA JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE

VOLUME 12 NUMBER 1 2016

Paper Details

  • Title :EVALUATION OF COMPOSITIONAL PROPERTIES OF SOME PLANT WASTES FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
  • Author(s) : O. O. Oluwasina, L. Lajide
  • Abstract:

Compositional determination of some waste lignocellulosic plant materials were examined for their industrial potential. The results revealed that holocellulose contents ranged from 67.40 % for Ananas comosus to 73. 40 % for Musa sapientum, alpha-cellulose varied from 50.00 % for Ananas comosus 55. 83 % Musa sapientum, Musa sapientum had the highest hemicellulose content of 18. 07 % while Pennisetum purpureum had the lowest value of 16. 60 %. The total lignin content ranged from 22.98 % to 28.15 %, pentosan content showed that Musa species highest values (Musa sapientum 43. 73 % and Musa paradisiaca  41.93 %),while Chromolaena odorata had the lowest value of 21.07 %. The silica content ranged from 2. 43 % to 2.83 %, ash varied from 5.87 % to 9.1 %, cold water solubility was from 17.00 % to 30.33 %, hot-water solubility was from 18.67 % to 36.33 % and the moisture content was from 6.95 % to 9.90 %. In the face of dwindling and unstable supply of petroleum, the cellulose and hemicellulose could be utilized for biofuel production, while the lignin is vital for various industrial applications.