PAPER TITLE :EFFECTS OF AGE ON FARMER'S INVOLVEMENT IN CASSAVA FARMING ACTIVITIES IN NIGERIA

APPLIED TROPICAL AGRICULTURE | VOLUME 25 NUMBER 1 2020

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : Fasina, O. O., Adegbite, B. A and Olaniyi, A. O
  • Abstract:

This study examined effects of age on cassava farmers' involvement in cultural activities; in Ekiti, Ogun and Osun States, Nigeria. Both multi-stage random and purposive sampling procedures were used to select 270 respondents for the study. Fifteen males and females farmers, across three age groups of ≤ 30years, 31-55years and >55years were selected, adopting organizational structure of the three states Agricultural Development Project (ADP). The questionnaire was designed to collect information on the socio-economic status of the respondents and their levels of involvement in cassava production using a five Likert-type scale. The raw scores obtained from the age category of farmers' involvement in cultural activities were standardized for further grouping into low ≤1.33, moderate 1.34-2.64 and high >2.64 level. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The finding shows that the majority of the farmers (73.3% for ≤30, 85.6% for 31-55 and 87.8% for >55yearsage groups) in the study area were married. The proportion of those with formal education is 88.9%, 90.0% and 84.4% farmers and majority (77.8%, 81.1% and 66.7%) cultivate less than 2ha of land with mean values of 1.04±0.07, 1.50±1.95 and 2.11±2.08 for ≤30, 31-55 and >55years respectively. Farmers in the ≤30years group were moderately involved in land clearing, heap making and weeding with mean values of 1.34±1.81,1.17±1.59 and 1.73±1.90 respectively, followed by 31-55years group while >55years group were rated low in the operations. However in most post-planting operations, farmers in the 31-55years group were moderately involved, followed by ≤30years group. Generally, farmers in the 31-55year age group were moderately and effectively involved. This is followed by those in the 30years and below, but farmers older than 55year age group were the least rated farmers in the level of involvement. Multiple regression analysis result showed a positive and significant relationship between level of involvement and, age (t=2.227), household size (t=2.263), farm size (t=3.723) and educational attainment (t=4.014), while marital status was also significant but inverse relationship. ANOVA result revealed the existence of significant difference in the levels of involvement in carrying out cultural operations (land clearing, heap making, planting and weed) among farmers of different age categories. The study concluded that, as farmer advances in age so the level of involvement increases until farmer becomes older than 55years when they are no more physically strong enough for farming activities. However, policies that attract youths and young adults in agriculture could sustain the present extensive margin of cassava production in Nigeria. A