This study investigated the socio-economic importance, profitability and phyto chemistry of Dialium guineensein Ibadan Metropolis. Data were collected using structured questionnaire administered to 100 selected traders in Bode, Bodija, Omi-adioand Oje markets in Ibadan. Data were analyzed using descriptive, econometric and inferential statistical tools. Budgetary analysis was used to estimate the profitability of the trade. Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the leaves, seed, bark and fruit of the plant. The result indicated that the presence of steroid, alkaloid, phenol, flavonoid, saponin, glycoside, anthroquinone and tannin varying percentages. The results revealed that the trade of D. guineense was female dominated (91%).Part of the species commonly used and requested for at the study areas was the fruit (55%). The result of the annual profitability of all four markets was 93%. The result of phytochemical analysis indicated that the fruit contained the highest percentages of steroid (3.77), alkaloid (5.35), phenol (3.40), flavonoid (5.54), saponin (3.38), glycoside (1.20), anthroquinone (5.88) and tannin (3.49) respectively .From this study, it can be concluded that only few people knows and understands the nutritional and medicinal values of the plant parts as majority were only aware of the sweetness of the fruit. Traders should be encouraged to go more into sales of other parts of the plant and not just the fruits alone.
Keywords: Conservation, Preference, Profitability, Utilization.