PAPER TITLE :TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY MEASUREMENT OF LOCAL POULTRY FARMERS IN THE URBAN AREAS OF KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

JOURNAL Of SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY | VOLUME 11 NUMBER 1 2021

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : Ogunwande I. Olusegun
  • Abstract:

The study investigated the technical efficiency status of local poultry farmers in Ilorin
West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A total of 180 respondents were reached and
interviewed using the multistage sampling technique. The tools of analysis used were Descriptive
Statistics, Budgetary Technique, and Stochastic Frontier Production Function (SFPF) for the socioeconomic
variable, cost and returns, and individual farm efficiency analysis. Results obtained showed
the mean age (57.47) years, farming experience (19.8) years, household size (9), no of extension
contacts (4), monthly income (N29, 119.44), and females (78.3%) among others. Cost and returns
analysis revealed that local poultry farmers operate at an optimal level with profit (N164, 330.05), Net
Farm Income (N163, 931.04), Gross Ratio (N0.22k), Operating Ratio (N0.28k) and Fixed Ratio
(0.04%). Cage Size (0.0421), flock size (0.1347), labour (0.0469) and veterinary drug (0.0318), and
household size (-0.1349) were found to negatively influence farm output. The mean technical
efficiency score and Return to Scale were 0.680 and 0.602 respectively while the tested hypothesis
showed that there is a significant relationship between the total value of poultry and socio-economic
characteristics like age, farming experience, and household size among others. It was concluded based
on the results that local poultry production is a profitable enterprise in the study area. It was
recommended that good housing and routine feeding should be paramount in the business.


Keywords: Technical Efficiency, Local Poultry, Urban Area, Farmers