PAPER TITLE :BLOOD PROFILE OF WEST AFRICAN DWARF GOATS FED PANICUM MAXIMUM SUPPLEMENTED WITH MYRIANTHUS ARBOREUS LEAF MEAL

JOURNAL Of SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY | VOLUME 11 NUMBER 1 2021

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : Ibhaze Gladys A., Adeyeye Aderonke A. and Fajemisin Adebowale A.
  • Abstract:

A study was conducted to evaluate the haematological and serum biochemical indices
of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats fed Panicum maximum supplemented with Myrianthus
arboreus leaf meal. Four diets were formulated such that diets A contained 0, B 10, C 11 and D12%
of Myrianthus arboreus leaf meal respectively to replace palm kernel cake in a complete concentrate
diet. The diets were fed to twelve (12) (WAD) goats randomly assigned in a Completely Randomized
Design with three animals per treatment, each serving as a replicate. Blood was collected from each
animal via the jugular vein into bottles containing anticoagulant and without anti-coagulant for the
measurement of heamatological and serum biochemical indices respectively. The study lasted for 63
days. Results showed that the blood parameters were significantly (p<0.05) influenced by the diet.
Goats fed diet D had the highest packed cell volume (30.33%), red blood cells (1.12 x 106 μl), white
blood cell (0.33 x 106 μl), hemoglobin (9.67 x 106 μl), lymphocytes (64.67%), and neutrophil
(25.33%). The serum biochemical parameters also indicated that total protein (66.09g/l) was highest
in diet C. The albumin (38.67g/l), albumin/globulin ratio (2.02) were higher in animals offered diet
D, while the serum enzymes alanine aminotransferase (8.80 iu/l) and aspartate aminotransferase
(218.67iu/l) were least in animals fed diet C. The results suggest that Panicum maximum can be
supplemented with Myrianthus arboreus at 12% inclusion level without adverse effect on the health
status of the goats


Keywords: Aspartate aminotransferase; Globulin; Haematology; Myrianthus arboreus; WAD goats.