The paper examined the resource productivity of yellow pepper production in Enugu State, Nigeria .The specific objectives are to: determine the profitability of yellow pepper, its technical efficiency in the use of major production inputs. One hundred and twenty yellow pepper farmers were selected through the multi-stage random sampling technique and were interviewed using well structured questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using budgetary analysis and stochastic frontier production function. The study also showed that yellow pepper production in the study area was profitable. Furthermore, the study determined the technical efficiency in the use of major production inputs, and found that most of the production coefficients were positive namely; amount spent on labour, amount spent on implements, farm size, quantity of seeds and cost of seeds planted. They all had direct relationship with output, with only fertilizer and pesticides being negative. Farm size, pesticides, amount spent on implements, quantity of seeds planted and cost of seeds planted were all significant at (5%) level, and the returns to scale was less than unity, indicating that yellow pepper production in the study area was in stage II of the production surface, which is the stage of efficient production and utilization of resources. The technical efficiency analysis revealed that 88.3 percent of the farmers had technical efficiency level of 0.76 and above, meaning that the sampled farmers were relatively technically efficient.
PAPER TITLE :RESOURCE PRODUCTIVITY OF YELLOW PEPPER FARMERS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA
APPLIED TROPICAL AGRICULTURE | VOLUME 18 NUMBER 1 2013
- Author(s) : Anugwo, S.C,Aderinola, EA and Oguntunde,S.O.