PAPER TITLE :AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD VULNERABILITY TO FOOD POVERTY IN URBAN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF

JOURNAL Of SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY | VOLUME 4 NUMBER 1 2013

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : ODUSINA, O.A. and AFOLAMI, C.A
  • Abstract:

This study analysed household food vulnerability during harvest and hunger (post-harvest) periods in Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. Primary data were collected through the use of questionnaire. The metropolis was stratified into low, medium and high income settlement areas from each of which 60 households were randomly selected to make a total of 180 households. The data were analysed by descriptive and econometric techniques including 3 Stage Feasible Generalised Least Squares regression methods. Majority of the households in the metropolis were male headed (68.5%) and had an average household size of between 4 and 8  members (71.6%),  95.7% of the households had at least one literate household member. Household per capita food consumption was significantly reduced in Ibadan metropolis by increased use of management coping strategy (p<0.01), increasing the number of adult female members (p<0.05) as well as households increased involvement in secondary occupations (p<0.01). Dummy for household being self employed increased significantly (p<0.01) household per capita food consumption. In terms of variability in household per capita food consumption, dummy for household head been self employed (p<0.1) was responsible for the largest variability in per capita food consumption, followed by household use of social group coping strategy (p<0.05) and finally by the dummy for the sex of household head been male (p<0.05). In all, 70.4% of the respondents interviewed were found to be food vulnerable. The study therefore, recommends that family planning, ensuring of basic education by urbanites as well as a diverse and vibrant economic system be put in place.