This study was conducted to determine the incidence of rotavirus infection in children with gastroenteritis in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. A total of 125 children with diarrhoea that visited one of the health insitutions in the city was recruited for the investigation. Stool samples were obtained and assayed for rotavirus antigens by employing immunochromatograhic technique using Rotavirus test kit manufactured by R-biopharm AG, An der Neuen BergstraBe 17, D-64297 Darmstadt Germany. The investigation showed that the percentage of rotavirus infection among children sampled was 24.8%. The highest percentage incidence (31.0%) was observed in children between the age group 0 and 12 months and was detected more in females (30.6%) than the male (21.1%) gender. The source of water being used by their mothers and the level of education of these mothers serve as some of the predisposing factors of rotavirus infection in these children.
Keywords: Gastroenteritis; Rotavirus; Immunochromatography assay; infection; incidence
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