FUTA JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE

VOLUME 11 NUMBER 1 2015

Paper Details

  • Title :EVALUATION OF FOUR INSECTICIDES FOLIAR SPRAYS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF MAIZE STEM BORER, BUSSEOLA FUSCA (F.) ON MAIZE IRRIGATED USING FURROW AND BASIN IRRIGATION METHODS AT KADAWA, KANO STATE NIGERIA.
  • Author(s) : R.S. Adamu, M.S. Usman and R. Isah
  • Abstract:

Field experiment was conducted to evaluate four insecticides foliar sprays for the management of maize stem borer
Busseola fusca during the dry season at Kadawa, Kano State. Maize was irrigated using basin and furrow irrigation
methods. The study revealed that application of foliar insecticide sprays formulation of Chlorphyrifos, Imidacloprid,
Sherpa plus (Cypermethrin + Dimethoate) and Lambda cyhalothrin were as effective as Furadan granules against the
borer. The insecticides sprays were applied first at five weeks after sowing when visible stem borer larval feeding
were observed on at least 10% of the plants and the second application a week later. While Furadan granules were
applied in two split applications, first at one week after sowing and second application a week later. Low percentage
of plants with dead heart was recorded from Imidacloprid treated plots and this was not significantly different
(P>0.05) from other insecticides except Chlorphyrifos and untreated control. Lambda cyhalothtrin treated plots
recorded the lowest larval leaf feeding injury scores. Chlorphyrifos had lowest exit hole which however was not
significantly different from the other insecticides. Imidacloprid treated plots recorded the lowest cob damage in both
irrigation methods. Chlorphyrifos and Sherpa plus treated plots recorded the highest grain yield in basin and furrow
irrigations respectively. When compared to basin irrigated maize, furrow irrigation method recorded higher
significant percentage plants with dead heart and percentage damaged cobs, however, the irrigation methods did not
differ significantly (P>0.05) in grain yield per hectare. Therefore, the four foliar insecticides are viable alternatives
that could be applied for the management of the stem borers during dry season.
Keywords: Furrow, Basin, Irrigation, Stem borer, Insecticides