PAPER TITLE :AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CHANGING PATTERN IN TOMATO CULTIVATION IN SOKOTO- RIMA RIVER BASIN, NIGERIA

APPLIED TROPICAL AGRICULTURE | VOLUME 22 NUMBER 2 2017

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : Adejuwon, J.O.
  • Abstract:

This study assessed the changing pattern in tomato cultivation in Sokoto-Rima River Basin, Nigeria. Questionnaire was
administered to 450 respondents from 15 agricultural settlements in 15 local governments in the study area, using clustered
sampling technique. Data was analyzed using frequency counts, percentage and pairwise t-test. Results show that ten
varieties of tomato exist in the basin. Six of the seven varieties planted in 1970s are still being planted at the time of this
investigation. Three varieties are new while a variety is no longer planted by farmers. Bahaushe was the most (41.18%)
popular variety in the 1970s but Zaria variety (called ‘Dan Zaria’, Eka variety (Dan Eka) and Bahaushe which accounted
for over 80% of tomato varieties in 2000s are the most famous, with Zaria variety accounting for 37.09 %. The farmers
planting Dan Turai, Takon Mushe, Mai Soso and Bahaushe varieties decreased at the range of 3.31% to 20.71% while Dan
Eka and Dan Zaria varieties increased by 8.81% and 19.44% respectively. Factors that determine choice of the varieties
planted include yield, market values, consumer demand, and longer span of preservation. Farmers planting tomatoes in the
basin has increased by 21.9% from 52.9% in the past to 74.8% at present.
Key words: tomato cultivation, river basin, farmers, market values