PAPER TITLE :SOME HAZARDOUS PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH ARTISANAL FISH PROCESSING IN OGUN WATERSIDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

APPLIED TROPICAL AGRICULTURE | VOLUME 22 NUMBER 1 2017

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : Olaoye, O.J., Ojebiyi, W.G., Ogunremi, J.B., Oose, M.O., Ojeikhoa, O.R. and Opele, A.I.
  • Abstract:

The hazards associated with artisanal fish processing in Ogun Waterside local government area of Ogun State, Nigeria
were accessed from March to May, 2014. Structured interview guide was used to collect information from 91 artisanal fish
processors from 10 (out of 23) randomly selected fishing communities. Data collected were subjected to both descriptive
and inferential statistics. Results revealed that higher proportion of the fish processors were married (85.7%), older than
40 years with mean age of 49.90±12.17 years, and had no formal education (67.0%). The mean household size and mean
fish processing experience were approximately 9 persons and 25.7±4.27 years respectively. Furthermore, majority of the
artisanal fish processors do processing of fish on a daily basis (85.7%) with hired labour (84.6%) using the Agbado type
smoking kiln (87.9%). The study also found that higher proportion of the fish processors worked frequently with poorly
designed equipment (63.7%), poorly maintained facilities (62.6%), poorly constructed equipment (53.8%) and under
constrained neck posture (69.2%). This study revealed that chemical hazards were more common among artisanal fish
processors in Ogun Waterside LGA. Common effects of occupational hazards felt by the fish processors included carpal
tunnel syndrome, musculoskeletal problem, arthritis, dizziness, rheumatism and skin rashes. Significant association was
found between the types of hazards experienced by the fish processors and the effect of those hazards on the fish processors
(χ2 = 15.581, p<0.01). The study concluded that artisanal fish processors were suffering from serious health challenges
due to their use of primitive processing techniques and poor working condition. The study recommended that financial
assistance should be provided to artisanal fish processors so as to allow them make use of improved processing tools and
equipment.
Key words: Ergonomic hazards, fish processors, injuries, rheumatism, smoking kiln