PAPER TITLE :INVESTIGATION AND EVALUATION OF PREDOMINANT FARMING SYSTEM IN SOKOTORIMA RIVER BASIN, NIGERIA

APPLIED TROPICAL AGRICULTURE | VOLUME 23 NUMBER 1 2018

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : Adejuwon, J. O.
  • Abstract:

The study examined agricultural practices in Sokoto-Rima River Basin, Nigeria from 1970 to 2009. Clustered sampling technique was used to administer questionnaire to 450 respondents from 15 agricultural settlements in 15 Local Government Areas in the basin. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and pairwise t-test. The result showed three agricultural practices, with a variation of 13.1% to 58.3% in 1970’s and 19.8% to 56.4% in 2000’s for one to three practices. The most widely accepted practices were mixed cropping (1970’s - 23.8%, 2000’s – 18.4%), and mixed cropping/ mixed farming (1970’s - 48.7%, 2000’s - 54.0%). Exclusive and two agricultural practices declined by 5.0% and 1.9% while three practices increased by 6.7%. Mixed cropping and monocropping/mixed cropping reduced by 5.4% and 7.2% while in contrast, monocropping, mixed cropping/ mixed farming, and monocropping/mixed cropping/ mixed farming increment ranged from 0.4% to 6.7%.  The first agricultural practice option remained unchanged; in the second option, mixed cropping reduced by 0.4% while mixed farming increased by 5.3%; and in the third option, mixed farming increased by 6.7%. The total practices varied from 24.4% to 95.1% in 1970’s and 24.5% to 94.6% in 2000’s. The total practices also showed that monocropping did not change over time, increased mixed cropping and mixed farming increased by 2.6%, and 12% respectively. The first option is unchanged while the second and third options increased by 4.8% and 6.7%. A pairwise t-test showed no significant difference between the agricultural practices in the 1970’s and 2000s in the study period.  
Key words: agricultural practices, crop cultivation, monocropping, mixed cropping, mixed farming