PAPER TITLE :EFFICIENCY AND PROFITABILITY OF SMALL-SCALE CASSAVA PRODUCTION IN AKURE AREA OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

APPLIED TROPICAL AGRICULTURE | VOLUME 20 NUMBER 2 2015

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : Oduntan. O., Amos, T.T. and Oseni, J.O.
  • Abstract:

The study assessed the productivity of small-scale cassava farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. One hundred respondents were
selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected from the respondents and analysed using a combination of
descriptive statistics and Stochastic Frontier Production Function model (SFPF). Maximum Likelihood Estimates of the
Stochastic Frontier Production Function results showed that farm size, quantity of labour, quantity of agrochemicals and
quantity of cassava stem cuttings were the major determinants of output of cassava farmers in the study area. In addition, level
of education, farming experience, household size and age of farmers were the major determinants of efficiency of cassava
farmers in the study area. The level of education and age were observed to have led to increase in technical efficiency of the
farmers. The presence of technical inefficiency effects on the farmers studied, accounted for most output variations in cassava
production. The estimated mean technical efficiency was 0.69. The results of simulation on changes in labour cost revealed that
increase in labour cost brings about decrease in Gross Margin while decrease in labour cost brings about increase in Gross
Margin. The level of profitability of cassava production was found to be high with a mean Gross Margin per hectare of N160,
762.04. Arising from the findings of the study, some recommendations were made for increased productive efficiency and
income of cassava farmers in the study area.