PAPER TITLE :ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION CONTACT EFFECTS ON RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS’ PRODUCTIVITY IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

JOURNAL Of SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY | VOLUME 9 NUMBER 2 2018

Paper Details

  • Author(s) : OGUNWANDE, I.O.1; ODEFADEHAN, O.O.2 and AKINRINOLA, O.O.1
  • Abstract:

The study examined the productivity effects of extension on rural farming households’
productivity in Oyo State. A total of 360 respondents were sampled using multistage technique.
Descriptive statistics and Stochastic Frontier Production Function (SFPF) were used to analyse
data on the socioeconomic and input characteristics and individual farm efficiency. The results on
socioeconomic aspect showed that the majority (63.1%) of the farmers were above 60 years of age
while male farmers formed the majority (71.9%). About 54% percent had no formal education
while cooperative members and farmers without extension contacts were in the 72.5% and 57.5%
respectively. The result on input characteristics revealed that the maximum farm output was
4.20tons/ha and maximum farm size was 6.32/ha while fertilizer used was a maximum of 600kg/
ha. The mean Technical Efficiency (TE) and Returns to Scale (RTS) for the farmers with and
without extension contacts were (0.92 and 0.86) and (0.36 and 0.98) respectively. It was therefore
concluded that farmers with extension visits acquired more skills and new technologies through
extension education which in turn resulted in being relatively more efficient. It was recommended
that more and trained extension agents be employed by the authority concerned in order to increase
inter-farm productivity in the area.
Keywords: Productivity, Extension Effects, Rural Farming